Upgrade using the Magento composer root plugin

This upgrading scenario is still under development and is published here to make it available for the Community to test. Do not use it on production.

The magento/composer-root-update-plugin Composer plugin resolves changes that need to be made to the root project composer.json file before updating to a new Magento product requirement.

Basically, this section repeats the manual upgrade scenario with the only exclusion that you are guided to install the plugin to resolve the dependency conflicts instead of fixing them manually.

Before you begin

Refer to Prerequisites.

If you need to upgrade PHP, do so before proceeding with the following steps.

Backup composer.json

Backup the existing composer.json file in the Magento installation directory.

Install the plugin

composer require magento/composer-root-update-plugin ~0.1 --no-update

Update the dependencies:

composer update

Manage packages

Specify needed packages and remove any unneeded ones before proceeding with the upgrade.

Deactivate the Magento Open Source update (for edition upgrade only)

Optional—If you are upgrading from Magento Open Source to Magento Commerce, deactivate the Magento Open Source update:

composer remove magento/product-community-edition --no-update

Specify Magento packages

Indicate the Magento packages, both the edition (community or enterprise) and the version (2.3.2), that you want to upgrade to.

The first time you upgrade using the plugin, you can interactively view and update any out-of-date values that may be remaining from previous versions. To enable this, use the --interactive-magento-conflicts option on the composer require commands.

Use composer require --help to learn more about available options. To learn more about usage of the plugin, refer to the Plugin Usage.

Magento Open Source:

composer require magento/product-community-edition=2.3.2 --no-update

Magento Commerce:

composer require magento/product-enterprise-edition=2.3.2 --no-update

To see a full list of available 2.3 versions:

Magento Open Source:

composer show magento/product-community-edition 2.3.* --all | grep -m 1 versions

Magento Commerce:

composer show magento/product-enterprise-edition 2.3.* --all | grep -m 1 versions

Modify the Magento updater

Optional—If the Magento updater is installed (it is located in update/) modify it:

  1. Backup update/ directory.
  2. Create a Composer project.

    Magento Open Source version 2.3.2:

    composer create-project --repository=https://repo.magento.com magento/project-community-edition=2.3.2 temp_dir --no-install

    Magento Commerce version 2.3.2:

    composer create-project --repository=https://repo.magento.com magento/project-enterprise-edition=2.3.2 temp_dir --no-install

    If you need to use a repository that contains non-public packages, such as internal sandboxes, change the URL in --repository accordingly.

  3. Remove the old update/ directory and move the temp_dir/update/ to the update/ directory:

    rm -rf update
    mv temp_dir/update .
    rm -rf temp_dir

Update metadata

Updating the metadata in the composer.json file is entirely superficial, not functional.

Update the "name", "version", and "description" fields in the composer.json file as needed.

Apply updates

composer update

Clean the Magento cache

After applying an update, you must clean the cache.

bin/magento cache:clean

Manually clear caches and generated content

Clear the var/ and generated/ subdirectories:

rm -rf var/cache/*
rm -rf var/page_cache/*
rm -rf generated/code/*

If you use cache storage other than the filesystem, such as Redis or Memcached, you must manually clear the cache there too.

Update the database schema and data

bin/magento setup:upgrade

Disable maintenance mode

bin/magento maintenance:disable

Restart Varnish

Optional—If you use Varnish for page caching, restart it:

service varnish restart

Check your work

Open your storefront URL in a web browser to check whether the upgrade was successful. If your upgrade was unsuccessful, your storefront will not load properly.

If the application fails with a We're sorry, an error has occurred while generating this email. error:

  1. Reset file system ownership and permissions as a user with root privileges.
  2. Clear these directories:
    • var/cache
    • var/page_cache
    • generated/code
  3. Check your storefront in your web browser again.